Obesity is a growing concern among lifestyle disorders for people across various age groups. And in the modern world, where people are becoming increasingly conscious about their health and fitness, obesity is considered of major public health importance. Obesity or overweight is caused due to multiple health issues including hormonal imbalances, excessive eating, unhealthy lifestyle choices, lack of physical activity, hereditary reasons, side effects of certain medications, etc. Global estimates show that 1 in 3 people are obese or overweight and 13% of adults aged 18 years and over are obese.
Obesity is defined as the excessive or abnormal accumulation of fat in the adipose tissue. The amount of excess fat indicates its increased distribution in the body, either around the waist and trunk or peripherally around the body. It is associated with a greater risk of disability or premature death due to type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, stroke, and coronary artery disease; certain cancers, osteoarthritis, infertility, etc.